The 2013 Defence White Paper highlights the strategic value and importance of Australia’s submarine capability and confirms the Government’s commitment to replacing the existing Collins Class fleet with an expanded fleet of 12 conventional submarines to be assembled in South Australia. It is a capability design, construction and sustainment challenge of unprecedented scale and complexity, and will span decades. It will provide Australia with a new and more potent capability with greater range, longer patrol endurance and increased capability compared with the COLLINS class. The program will involve hundreds of companies and thousands of workers. It will involve Federal and State Governments, Defence, industry and universities working together for generations to come.